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General Information about stemphylium

6+ species. Ubiquitous, Cosmopolitan.

Stemphylium Mold

Microscopic View Stemphylium Mold

What are some of stemphylium molds characteristics?

Grows well on general cellulose surfaces but spores may take longer than normal to develop or may be completely absent. 

Where does stemphylium grow outside?

Often found growing in soil, wood, decaying vegetation. Some species found on leaves are plant pathogens.

Where does stemphylium grow inside?

Growth indoors is rare. 

Is stemphylium "black mold"?

The term black mold (also "toxic black mold") is not scientific but is widely used by the media to usually reference Stachybotrys molds.

Health Concerns about stemphylium

Is stemphylium a potential allergen?

Some people may experience hay fever or asthma.  Produces similar allergens that are associated with Alternaria. 

Does stemphylium present any unique human risks? (as pathogen, opportunist or contaminant)*

Rare cases reported of phaeohyphomycotic sinusitis.

Can stemphylium produce toxins?**


Identification of stemphylium

Can stemphylium be identified via Air Sampling?

Although spore fragments may be confused with other types of mold such as:  Ulocladium, Alternaria or Pithomyces.

Can stemphylium be identified via Direct Sampling?

Distinctive yet rarely found.  May be found in conjunction with dust samples. 


What are some of stemphyliums industrial uses?



*Other types of disease not listed in this description may also result from exposure.


**Indicates potential toxin production by given species of this genus. Not all toxins are produced by all species and the extent is highly dependent on environmental conditions. List may not be all inclusive due to new discoveries in research.